Assessments are a way of understanding an individual based on a detailed evaluation of specific areas of functioning in order to make informed decisions about the person. Psychological assessments encompasses formal and informal tests, behavioral observations, and interviews. The examiner strives to collect and interpret data from the assessment. The results are then integrated within the context of the referral question. There are several types of assessments including screening assessments, focused assessments, diagnostic assessments, and problem-solving assessments.